Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or Disease (PCOS/ PCOD) is a hormonal disorder. It affects women in their reproductive age. It is a common health condition that affects teens and young women. PCOS is a disorder of the Endocrine System, while PCOD is a condition developed by the Imbalance of Hormones. It is believed that hormonal imbalances and genetics play an essential role in both the conditions.
  • PCOD is a condition in which the ovaries contain many immature or partially mature eggs. They, eventually,turn into cysts. Junk food, being overweight, stress and hormonal disturbances give birth to this condition.
  • Common symptoms of PCOD are irregular periods, abdominal weight gain, infertility, and male pattern hair loss. The ovaries usually become enlarged in this problem and secrete large amounts of androgens that cause havoc with the woman’s fertility and her body.
  •  PCOS is a metabolic disorder that is more severe than PCOD . In this condition, the ovaries produce a higher quantity of the male hormone, and this leads to the formation of more than ten follicular cysts in the ovary every month. This stops the release of egg leading to an ovulation. PCOS and PCOD Symptoms include – • hair loss •obesity • infertility •PCOS is a serious condition. PCOD is not considered a disease as with the correct diet and exercise schedule, the situation improves. PCOS is a metabolic disorder. PCOD is more common. Almost one third of the women around the world suffer from PCOD. PCOS has a lower number of patients.
  • PCOS has serious complications. Women who suffer from PCOS are at risk of developing diabetes, high BP, cardiovascular issues, obesity, and even endometrial cancer.
  • PCOS is visible early in life. Girls who suffer from PCOS show symptoms of the disease since their teenage years. Acne, excessive hair growth, and weight gain are apparent from a younger age due to metabolic disturbances.
  • Those with PCOD don’t have significant fertility issues. With a bit of medical help, they conceive successful. Women who suffer from PCOS, on the other hand, struggle with infertility. They even have higher rates of miscarriages.
  • Those with PCOD can still ovulate regularly. The women who have PCOD may have similar symptoms as PCOS, but they retain the ability to ovulate periodically and thus, can conceive successfully. However, those with PCOS do not ovulate due to a severe hormonal imbalance that disturbs the process of ovulation.
  • Suggested diet – Broccoli, Cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, Green and red peppers, Beans and Lentils, Cruciferous vegetables, Almonds, Berries, Sweet potatoes, Pumpkin, Tomatoes, Spinach, Walnuts, Olive oil, fatty fish high in Omega-3 fatty acids, such as Salman and sardines.
  • Food to be Avoided – Refine carbohydrates cause inflammation and should be avoided or limited significantly. These include highly- processed foods, such as- white bread, muffins, breakfast pastries, sugar free desserts, anything made with White flour. – Pasta noodles that lists semolina, durum flour or durum wheat flour as the first ingredient are high in carbohydrates and low in fibre. These should be removed from your diet. – Pasta made from Bean or lentil flour instead of wheat flour are an excellent alternative. – Sugar is a Carbohydrate and should be avoided wherever possible. When reading food labels, be sure to look for Sugar’s various names which include- sucrose, high fructose corn syrup, dextrose, sugar can also lurk in the things you drink, such as soda and Juice.

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